|Madelyn Pugh, Jess Oppenheimer, Bob Carroll|
Born in 1921, Pugh was the editor of the Shortridge High School newspaper in Indianapolis, Indiana. She went on to graduate from the Indiana University School of Journalism in 1942. Her first professional writing job was writing radio spots for WIRE, a local radio station. After her family moved to California, she got regular jobs writing for radio, first for NBC and then CBS. In the early days of her career, Pugh was often the only female writer for a show.
Pugh was working as a staff writer for CBS Radio in Hollywood when she met her writing partner, Bob Carroll, Jr. The partnership would last for more than 50 years, until his death in January 2007 at 89. Together, they wrote more than 400 TV episodes and at least as many radio shows during their time together.
The duo were writing for The Steve Allen Show when they became interested in writing for My Favorite Husband, a radio show starring Lucille Ball. So that they’d have time to write a spec script, they paid Allen to write his own program for a week. It was a good investment because they were hired by producer Jess Oppenheimer and ended up writing for My Favorite Husband for more than two years.
Pugh and Carroll went on to author a vaudeville-style act for Lucille Ball and her husband, bandleader Desi Arnaz. This became the basis for the I Love Lucy pilot. When the show became a series, Oppenheimer, Pugh, and Carroll wrote 39 episodes each year for the first four seasons. Oppenheimer left after that and Bob Schiller and Bob Weiskopf wrote with the duo beginning in year five and continued with the show until the end.
Pugh would often test out the crazy Lucy stunts, to make sure they worked and to protect Ball. In 2005, Pugh said, “The worst one was trying out a unicycle. I ran into a wall and hit my head. We decided it was too dangerous for Lucy.”
Pugh and Carroll never won an Emmy for their work on I Love Lucy but were nominated three times. Arnaz and Ball trusted the duo and they went on to work on many projects for them. They wrote multiple episodes for all of Ball’s later series; The Lucy Show, Here’s Lucy, and Ball’s ill-fated final series, Life With Lucy.
Aside from the various Lucy shows, Pugh and Carroll also wrote for The Paul Lynde Show, Dorothy, Those Whiting Girls, and The Tom Ewell Show. They created The Mothers-in-Law and produced Alice for 92 episodes of the sitcom’s nine year run.
Pugh was married two times. Her first husband was legendary TV producer Quinn Martin and they had a son together, Michael Quinn Martin. That union ended in divorce. She later married Dr. Richard M. Davis.
In 1992 the Writers’ Guild of America awarded Pugh and Carroll its Paddy Chayefsky Laurel Award for Television Achievement. Pugh was the Los Angeles Times “Woman of the Year” in 1957 and was the recipient of the “Women in Film” award in 1996. In 2005, Pugh released her memoirs called Laughing with Lucy and included Carroll as a contributor of the book.
Of I Love Lucy’s enduring popularity, Pugh credits the everyday situations they used to start each episode. “We never dreamed of anything like syndication, so we didn’t plan for this, couldn’t plan for this But we avoided references to present-day events or people because New York was doing live TV, we were on film and these references would look stale by the time viewers saw the show. Instead, we looked for common, everyday things that had happened to us or our families, or stories our friends had told us.”
Here’s a 1990 interview with Pugh and Carroll that was done as part of the first broadcast of the I Love Lucy pilot.